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Your skin is usually clear, clean, and glowing with health. Here are a few things you should know that will lead you to a good skincare routine as you mature. The first thing to learn is your skin type; normal, dry, oily, or a combination.

Normal Skin
This type has an even skin tone and a soft texture with no blemishes, red or flaky patches, and the skin surface is neither dry nor greasy. The skin has the correct balance of water and oil and has few flaws.
If your skin is normal, wash your face to remove dirt and sweat using a mild cleanser or water and a gentle soap.

Dry Skin
This type has a dull skin tone and looks rough, flaky, and is often itchy. Dry skin is caused by the shedding of a higher than normal amount of cells from the skin’s outer layer. Normally, lubrication from the body’s natural oils helps to prevent water loss, but as the skin loses cells it also loses its ability to retain moisture.

If your skin is dry, wash your face using a mild cleanser and then moisturize afterward with a non-perfumed, alcohol-free lotion or mineral oil.

Oily Skin
This type appears shiny, often showing blackheads and pimples and is more prone to acne. Hormones affect oil production; anything that changes your hormone level may affect your skin.

If your skin is oily, wash your face three times daily with plain soap and water or a mild cleanser. Away from home, use an over-the-counter gentle cleansing pad that helps to dissolve excess oil and remove dirt from the skin surface.

Combination Skin
This type appears as a combination showing an oily “T” zone (forehead, nose, and chin) tending towards blackheads, and dry skin everywhere else with the cheek area appearing rough.

If your skin is a combination, wash your face with plain soap and water two or three times daily to remove any excess oil and then moisturize only the dry areas and not the oily ones.


• Cleanse
Gentle washing removes dirt, dead skin cells and the excess oil that could contribute to an acne problem. Never scrub with a harsh facecloth; this may cause irritation and tiny tears in the skin that would be an open door for acne bacteria.

Use a daily cleanser containing salicylic acid if you have oily or combination skin. This is an anti-inflammatory agent and helps to remove dead skin cells as well as controlling oil production and increasing hydration.

Gentle facial cleansers can easily remove eye and facial makeup as well as cleanse the skin, but pick products that are fragrance-free to avoid irritation to the eyes.
To find out more about caring for acne prone skin, click here.

• Hydrate and Moisturize
To hydrate, you simply add water, such as when washing your face or taking a bath.
To moisturize, you add water, oil, lotion or all three.

A moisturizer is a product that increases the water content of the top layer of skin. If you use a moisturizer that includes a broad-spectrum sunscreen, your skin will be protected from the sun’s UV (ultra-violet) rays. Remember that if you have sensitive skin, avoid products with added fragrance.

Moisturize most skin types both morning and evening, using a product that does not aggravate an existing skin problem. As an example, for oily skin the moisturizer needs to be oil-free, but hydrating.

To find out more about how to moisturize your skin, click here.

• Protect
Look for a moisturizing sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 or higher which also provides broad-spectrum protection (meaning it blocks both UVA and UVB rays).

Wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts and wide-brimmed hats, and try to avoid the sun’s most direct rays that shine from 10 am until 4 pm.

To find out more about how to protect your skin from the sun, click here

Most importantly, no matter what your skin type, if you are unsure of how to deal with skin issues, talk to either a doctor or a dermatologist. Treating your skin with care each day is the key to avoiding skin problems in the future, and to continue keeping it clear, clean, and glowing with health.

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